Never a day too late to pause and reflect on one of history’s greatest men – Mahatma Ghandi, a selfless, humble man, who was destined to rid India of its oppressors

Gandhi’s grief, Mahatma’s glory

October 2 is Mahatma Gandhi’s 139th birth anniversary. It is being marked in a function at The University of Fiji, Saweni, Lautoka. Professor Satendra Nandan writes about his visit to the place where Gandhi was assassinated and his girmit and Fiji connections.

This year on January 30, I visited the Birla House on Tees January Marg in New Delhi. It is in the prayer garden of this house that Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948, less than a year after India won her freedom. The leafy and wide New Delhi Marg-Street is now named Tees January Marg, commemorating the Mahatma’s martyrdom. Gandhi, after saving millions of lives from communal savagery, spent his last 144 days in an austere and plain room at Birla House. India’s vivisection had stained his tryst with destiny.

“How can we light the lamps?” he agonised: He had witnessed too much, too late. He had experienced a civilisation undoing itself. From Gandhi’s room to the spot where he was shot three times, at point blank range, is exactly 174 steps. Each step is now marked in rough reddish concrete footprints. Gandhi died on the spot, with two words on his lips.

It took me a long time to visit this place of pilgrimage for millions. In January the winter sun is low in Delhi, trying to shine through the enveloping dust and a kite-circling sky. On that fateful Friday in 1948, Gandhiji passed along the cordoned lane towards his prayer platform in the garden, where a congregation was waiting. He was striding towards his usual seat five steps remained. He was running late. Punctuality was part of his personality. As he strode, he took his hands off the shoulders of two young women, Abha and Manu – ‘my walking sticks’, he called them. He folded his palm in a namaskaar indicating, in the ancient way, that I bow to the divinity in you, friends and strangers.

Suddenly a khaki-clad young man from the reverential crowd elbowed his way towards Bapuji, the father of the nation. Gandhi, thinking someone was coming to touch his feet in a gesture of humility and respect, remonstrated: I’m already 10 minutes late for prayers. Manu tried to stop the intruder by thrusting her left hand forward. Nathuram Godse pushed her out of his way, scattering the notebook, a spittoon and a rosary, which she was carrying. As she bent to pick up the bare essentials and utensils of Gandhi’s daily life, the assassin planted himself in front of the frail, half-wrapped figure of Gandhi and fired three shots from a rusting pistol in quick succession. The last words the Mahatma uttered were ‘He Ram’ Oh God! A spreading crimson spot appeared on his immaculately washed white shawl. The hands, which he had raised in namaskaar-greeting to millions, slowly came down. The limp body that had fasted so often to save millions of lives sank to the ground: the hallowed earth receiving her holiest son. Gandhi breathed his last at 5.17pm. Today, if you visit the house of remembrance, there’s a martyr’s column with He Ram carved in Hindi and below it inscribed 5.17pm, 30.1.48. Not far from those stark details of death are his words:

“I know the path. It is straight and narrow. It is like the edge of a sword. I rejoice to walk on it.”

The Brila House now has an impressive administrative block. In it I met Ashok Kumar covered in brown shawl with a woollen cap. ‘I’m a humble servant,’ he told me. And then offered me a cup of sweetest tea. “After his death, there was not a single communal death. Gandhi wanted people to produce everything from Mother Earth, if you cared and cultivated the soil,” said Ashok. “After all, uranium also comes from the soil. Bapuji used to say there’s enough for the need of everybody; but not enough for the greed of even one of us,” added Ashok Kumar, originally from Mathura, Krishna’s mythical birthplace.

I asked Ashok to show me Gandhiji’s room: his bedroom, meeting room, study all rolled into one where prime ministers and presidents, kings and queens, writers and scientists, journalists and geniuses, peasants and princes came to talk to him, to feel his charismatic presence. The room is in the same pristine condition sixty years after his assassination: a pair of wooden sandals, a spittoon, a pair of rimmed glasses, a white shawl, a dhoti made of khadi, a note book, a pen, a timbered-bed for sleeping, when he didn’t sleep on the floor. It is said that when Gandhi died the value of his personal possessions was barely five dollars, less than the price of the pen with which I’m writing this. If Gandhi was killed with three bullets, India was divided with the strokes of a pen. Lines were drawn across homes and hamlets by a person who hadn’t even visited the vast sub-continent of 300 million people of almost every race and religion: exactly the population of the US today. India’s, of course, has exceeded one billion in 60 years since independence.

Gandhi had two profound historical connections with Fiji. First, it was among the girmityas and small Indian merchants of South Africa that his most formative years, from the age of 23-46, were shaped. His irresistible ideas of Satyagraha were hammered on the anvil of suffering of ordinary people against the most extraordinary empire.

It is the greatest epic story of Indian experience written outside India. Its hero, of course, is M K Gandhi, Attorney; his makings and markings were radically deepened by his life of service among the indentured and enterprising small shopkeepers. If he hadn’t gone to South Africa, it is possible, after his return from London, he would have ended up supporting the Empire with an MBE medal, or even a knighthood “for meritorious services to the British Empire”.

He made a dispossessed, disenfranchised people into a formidable fighting force of peace. It is these people who gave him the strength of spirit to struggle for equality of citizenship, the responsibilities of a community with equal human dignity and decency. Under General Smuts South Africa was a ruthless regime of racial supremacists. It is among them he developed and defined, deployed and defended, his unassailable weapons of the Satyagraha, holding on to truth, in act and thought. To fight for justice, he said, you had to be just to others.

Among the indentured, he gained insights into the true state of a people’s subjection. And how deeply complicit were the people themselves: Caesar would not be a wolf, if Romans were not sheep!

In his autobiography, My Experiments with Truth, Gandhi has an extraordinary chapter on an Indian indentured labourer, Balasundram. Balasundram has been brutally beaten by a ruthless ‘coolumber’. Bleeding, he arrives into Gandhi’s office; Gandhi is preparing to leave Durban for Bombay. He had settled the feuding merchants litigation through arbitration for which he’d been sent.

The last paragraph of the chapter on Balasundram reads: “I have said that Balasundaram entered my office, head-gear in hand. There was a particular pathos about the situation which also showed our humiliation. I have already narrated the incident when I was forced to take off my turban. A practice had been forced on every indentured labourer and every Indian stranger to take off his headgear when visiting a European, whether the head-gear was a cap, a turban, a scarf wrapped around the head, a salute even with both hands was not sufficient.

“Balasundaram thought he should follow the practice even with me. This was the first case in my experience. I felt humiliated and asked him to tie up his scarf. He did so not without a certain hesitation, but I could perceive the pleasure on his face. “It has always been a mystery to me how men can feel themselves honoured by the humiliation of their fellow-beings.” The passage has many remarkable perceptions, none more extraordinary than the last sentence. An indentured labourer is written about by his name. Even the second last sentence is unusual: note the humiliation Gandhi, the dandy lawyer, feels when this wounded girmitya takes off his humble scarf: the symbol of his ragged dignity. It is a marvellous and revolutionary way of seeing the Other, who is your own. It demanded a radical revaluation of what it means to be human. A ceaseless quest for a common humanity had begun.

Richard Atterborough says in his book In Search of Gandhi that he was so moved by this single sentence that he carried it in his mind for 20 years and finally made the film Gandhi. The other connection that Gandhi has with Fiji is through CF Andrews. Every school child and educated person should know about Reverend Charles Freer Andrews. There are other people, touched by the Gandhian magic, who have come to Fiji, but none, I feel, had the depth and compassion of CF Andrews. Or was so close to Gandhi. Gandhi called CF Andrews, “one of the greatest and best Englishmen. I’ve not known a better man or a better Christian.”

Andrews had arrived in India in 1904, aged 33, to teach at St Stephens College in Delhi. He called it his “Indian birthday”. Gandhi’s struggles in South Africa for equality in Empire and against racial discrimination needed a critical eye. G K Gokhale, Gandhi’s political mentor, sent Andrews to go and be with Gandhi: to Gokhale, Andrews was “a gift from God”.

Andrews arrived in Durban on January 1, 1912. He had never seen Gandhi. And like one who believed in an invisible power, Gandhi’s radiance of words and actions had ignited Andrews’ Christian imagination, as Gandhi’s had been by the Sermon on the Mount. As Andrews came down the ship’s gangway, he was introduced to a slight, ascetically dressed person in a white dhoti and kurta, the common dress of indentured labourers.

At that moment Andrews bent down and touched Gandhi’s bare feet. This spontaneous traditional gesture of respect horrified the local elite. he editor of a Durban Dutch newspaper expostulated to him: “Really you know Mr Andrews, really you know, we don’t do that sort of thing in Natal. We don’t do it, Mr Andrews. I consider the action most unfortunate, most unfortunate.”

Andrews wrote to Tagore, his best friend:”They boil over with indignation, that as an Englishman, mind you, should have touched the feet of an Asiatic. When I remind them that Christ, St Paul, and St John were Asiatic, they grow restive and say that things were altogether different then.’

Just as Gokhale had sent Andrews to be with Gandhi, now Gandhi sent Andrews to Fiji. Charlie, as Gandhi fondly called him, became an impassioned crusader for the indentured in Fiji.

Today in Fiji we’ve two schools named after CF Andrews. It was among the Indians in Fiji that he was first named, in 1917, Deenabandhu, the friend of the poor. Indenture was abolished in 1917. On January 1, 1920, the last indentured labourer was set free from his bondage, not only in Fiji but in every colony of the Empire. “The abolition of the indentured labour system was CF Andrews’s greatest single service to the Indian people,” wrote a distinguished civil servant of the Raj. The abolition of this imperial abomination had come to him as a commission from Christ Andrews wrote: “One morning about noonday, while I was thinking of these things, lying on a chair on the verandah I saw in front of me the face of a man in a vision. I was not sleeping; my eyes were quite open. It was that poor run-away coolie I had seen in Natal. As I was looking, the face seemed to change in front of me and appeared as the face of Jesus Christ. He seemed to look into my face for a long, long time and then the vision faded away. This epiphany had come to him while he visited Java, while visiting the remains of Buddhist civilisation at Borobudur created out of the most ancient Indian diaspora. Sitting among the ruins, he writes: “There came to me a new vision of humanity in its suffering and sorrow, its sacrifice and love of service, intimately bound up with supreme personality of the Buddha himself … preaching to the lowest of the human race – nay, preaching also us. St Francis did to every bird and beast and trees and flowers, the same message of universal love.”

Later Andrew remembered that vision and wrote a poem titled ‘The Indentured Coolie’: “There he crouched, Back and arms scarred, like a hunted thing, Terror-Striken. All within me surged towards him, While tears rushed. Then, a change. Through his eyes I saw Thy glorious face. Ah, the wonder! Calm, unveiled in deathless beauty, Lord of sorrow.”

In the friendship of Gandhi and Andrews, there may be illuminations for us also. How people of different faiths inspired and awakened the goodness in the hearts and minds of subjects and empires. And little Fiji played a small but unforgettable role in lighting civilsational values beyond ideology and history.

As I walked out of Gandhi’s garden, the winter sun was setting behind luminous ruins in one of the world’s most ancient-modern cities. On the banks of Yamuna river at Rajghat, where Gandhi was cremated, burned a single flame – as it continues to do in the seasons of the soul: summer, autumn, winter, spring. For the soul has no country, no national borders. It is like our ocean, pacific and restless.

By Professor Satendra Nandan, F/Times, Thursday, October 02, 2008




22 Responses to “Never a day too late to pause and reflect on one of history’s greatest men – Mahatma Ghandi, a selfless, humble man, who was destined to rid India of its oppressors”

  1. egregious Says:

    And so what about India, 60years after its independence? A country where the caste system still prevails, where your birth determines whether you have no other role in life than to clean other peoples excreta, a country riven by sectarian violence with almost daily incidence of terrorist attacks, a country where slavery remains rife, where poverty is increasing, a country where religious freedom is a figment of the imagination.
    And so, Professor Nandan, bondage has not been lifted from India, as you assert, it is stronger than ever.

  2. penshu Says:

    This Gandhi admirer should hang his head in shame – for supporting oppression and dictatorship by claiming that bi-polar Frank was the best for Fiji and the 2006 coup was to end all coups…Stop being a Gandhi worshipper and preach against Frank, you nutty pro-fess-orrrrrrrrrrrrrr

  3. Ablaze Says:

    Perhaps for all those reasons India has not had a coup or attempted a coup.

    I think at the moment we should learn from anything or anyone that will give us some insight to the solutions of solving our political problems.

    Gandhi, to me fought for Independence and it eventually happened in a non violent way. They didn’t have to coup to achieve it.

    I think we can learn from that and perhaps our Indian counterparts may stop supporting this Regime because coups and charters are not the answer to our problems.

  4. Peace Pipe Says:

    I do not have time for this piece of crap professor who is an ig apologist. So whatever he says is all as twisted as his supportive opinion on the coup. He should remain on silent and invisible mode. As it is his constant appearnaces and utterances are an irritant to our mind as we try to beat a path to sanity in this time of upheaval.

  5. Mark Manning Says:

    Gandhi’ ideals were great , he fought , peacefully , for freedom .
    However , those who took over the reigns of power when he was assassinated , had their own interests at heart !
    And although India became independent from the British , Indians became enslaved to their own masters , rulers and religion .
    Indians do not have freedom ” as Ghandi had envisaged for his people ” .
    The people who profess that India is free , probably live in luxurious homes and pay a pittance ( work for little to nothing ) to their house maids etc. They are happy to keep the status quo , ( keep things as they are ) . So , the reality is more like this , Ghandi’s work has not yet begun !
    Like Fiji , the British were not the problem , the problem came from within !
    There are still 250,000,000 living in poverty in India ! That’s freedom ?
    That’s every fourth person or 1 in 4 living in poverty . Some people in India , even break the bones of their children when they are little so they grow up deformed and spend their lives begging on the street . A religion that worships idols and animals and respects them more than their fellow man , is not my cup of tea ! As much as a religion that advocates murdering innocent men women and children in the name of Allah isn’t either .
    Fiji is going down a very dirty path at the moment and i hope you can rescue her back in time !

  6. Mark Manning Says:

  7. Mark Manning Says:

  8. Mark Manning Says:

  9. Jone Says:

    lol! there you go Mark and thanks too for the live feeds.

  10. Mark Manning Says:

    Jone , thanks
    I put them online because I think al lot of people live in denial and I want to challenge their perception of what is happening , with real footage and information .
    They either don’t know reality from fiction or just don’t see what’s happening around them , period .
    And isn’t’ that what is happening in Fiji , and many other countries , at the moment ?
    So , the live feeds as you put it , are for everyone to see that they may make an informed decision , because not all who read these sites , know where to find the information
    As they say , the truth shall set yee free and denial is not a river in Egypt !

  11. tim Says:

    @ Ablaze: You’re on to it aye! Frank should note that India is the world’s largest demokrisy. It ain’t perfect and nor are any others. Given the India/Fiji population differential, it’s a damn sight better off than the road chosen by Frank and his suppotas. I tried to respond to some silly friggen academic’s published argument in here the other day putting shit on Australia and NZ as some sort of prop and justification for his/her argument about burgeoning democracies and free market/welfarism but unfortunately it disappeared up its own ass due to the state of the internet.
    Never mind, they were factually inaccurate on a number of issues anyway.
    What Ghandi strove for was representation and without any ideological baggage. Unfortunately that is exactly what coups deprive people of. And while they’re in train, they usually end up putting people through greater hardship and struggle – that is that very struggle they sought to resolve, and they’re usually carried ou by total fuckwits anyway who think they kow better than anyone else.
    Apologies for appearing all over the place but my time in here is limited at the moment. I stumbled across an apologists little number in the Fiji Times as well. It was something like Shameen on Michael Field Is that woman really for real? I guess she must be. Really! a chance bullet to the skull who be superior to any argument that stoner might develop. But at least it confirms one thing: The junta and its talking heads monitor most of the mainstream media and blogsites like SV, RFN, DiscoBubu, DemocracyNow, as well as their critics’ sites – such as
    I actually love seeing these people front up with their bullshit – it provides material for future reference – most of them are shitting in their own nests.

  12. painter Says:

    That was a beautiful piece on Mahatma Ghandi by Dr. Nandan. No matter what, I have so much love for the two men on this TGIF 🙂

    @ MM – as always, thanks! I couldn’t agree more!

  13. tim Says:

    By the way – where is Island Boy? He suggested if I encountered Shaista I might actually get on with her a while back. I might entertain her but a certainly wouldn’t get on with her! But I must say I miss Island Boy’s contributions – another smart fella – one who is a damn sight smarter the collective intelligence of this junta put together!.
    I’m trying to come to terms with how and why Fijians have allowed themselves to be subjugated and conned systematically and consistently by so many bullshit artists for such a long time because all those I’ve met (quite a number including those I’ve been in relationships with) are pretty damn clued up.
    Why is it that a Frank, or a Koroi, or any number of ohers are actually tolerated? How is it that a Shameen or a Moore or a Kaiyhum or even a Gartes or Barr and a Yakabi can even be entertained? Even the name Ecrea sounds to me like its supposed to be some sort of parrot shit! It has now been so debased by it’s Fijian membership that any Chrstian could hadly in consciousness take it seriously (and I used to be one).

    A thick shit Frank (and folks – even the junta apologists that find it convenient to use his position – rather than his life’s skills have to adit it) with a whole life he’d be better off trying to hide including his military experiences (I cannot use the word achievements because there are none) with some really stupid bitch of a wife that has my deepest sympathy – but more fool her – I guess she’s got the kids to think of.
    A few abusers like a Gates or a Barr, or any number of others all professing high and mighty principle and good taste (publicly) – all the while being the most dishonest and dysfunctional human beings one might ever hope to encounter.
    A Shameen or two – one who chooses to represent the scales of Justice and reason – though not qquite staunch enough to put her own convictions on the line – (better we evacuate the kids unless thins get nasty), and a second who portrays herself as a champion of Human Rights (just as long as its those who think Frank’s jizz tastes like bluberry whip to her siss, and who shoots pistols (btw, my son would dearly love to take her on at 40 paces).
    An Attorney General whose credentials are suspect, and whose understanding of the law, despite his study in that discipline is even less than my own after 20 or more years in IT, and who even now tries to present himself as some sort of saviour. People, the guy is a Queen. It is not the fact that he is one that is the problem – indeed he’d be better off just dealing with it and getting on with things. Rather it is the fact his personal dishinesty is so great that most of what emanates from his mouth, and probably anything else that his life form can prduce cums on that basis. And there goes a Fag Hag confident Shaista who wants to both mother and protect the little fuckwit. Believe me, there are far better people to direct your sympathies to, including those his ego has abused.
    That Shaista really is just as her own siss suggest aye? A silly bitch.
    Fuck me – I really could go on, but the point I’m trying to make is that how is it that all this shit gets tolerated for so long?. It’s like Fiji is trying its best to prove the “Peter Principle”
    Freud and a number of others really would have have a “Field” day.

  14. painter Says:

    Hi Tim – I’d like to be the fly-on-the-wall when you and IB get together for lunch. Oh boy, I know I’ll just hve so much fun ROFL and ROWL at you two’s exchange 🙂

  15. tim Says:

    What’s worse is that someone I have a high regard for (Helen Clarke) thinks “dialogue” with these assholes is the way forward. Well I guess that’s understandable in many ways – she’s not exactly the most experienced woman of the world in terms of personal relationships which I hope she regards as a positive. It’s just that I hope she realises that the people in this junta are the most morally defunct and dysfunctional cobbled together opportunists that she might ever hope to meet anywhere in her well-travelled world.
    Helin – the instincts are great, unfortunately your natural instincts in assuming people such as Frannk and others have the same standards as you are completely and utterly irrelevant. The same is even true of Paul Reeves.
    Rest assured, Frank probably thinks what you need is a damn good fuck!. The guy is morally moriund and his advisers are often worse even if its only because their IQ’s are a little bit higher than his.

  16. tim Says:

    @ Painter – I’d rather you were more than just a fly on the wall. I’d rather you joined the discussion cos (I’m not grovelling) it is most of the regular contributors to this site that seem to me to have a few clues.
    In fact if you look back over the past two years, most of what has been stated, predicted, etc by the likes of you and others, has come to pass.

  17. Mark Manning Says:

    As you know , these are replies to a comment I made in September last year . Although we don’t know if the Military or Indians posted them , their intent , whoever they are , was exposed by their replies .
    I just wanted to repost them given that someone mentioned that some of things were previously predicted by various bloggers etc.
    =================================================Genocide is the mission , by controlling the Fijian Military ! Read the following .
    Their words , not mine !
    I just had to resend this comment and the 2 replies from the 12 / 09 / 07.
    I posted my comment on the Fiji times online , then came the 2 replies .
    A short time later , all were removed , as have many of my comments , seems they don’t like to hear the truth !
    I also e-mailed the Editor of the times and sent him a copy , that’s why I still have a copy on my computer , and it was immediately after e-mailing the Editor that my comment and the 2 replies were removed .
    However , other similar comments to mine , which also were not regarding the actual topic at hand , were not removed !
    But take a look at the replies , particularly the 1st one . It seems to me that someone got so angry that they blurted out the true intention and strategy behind this coup and also have exposed exactly who is behind it .
    Having just read this comment on this site , I thought it most important to repost it here .
    The question remains , why did the times remove my comment and the replies , were the replies too close to the truth ?
    At least now you know their intention ! Who is behind it and can someone bring this to the Commanders attention , I’m sure he will be horrified , plus , does anyone know yet who is on the Military Council ?
    The funny thing is , when I mentioned Asians taking over , I actually meant China etc. . not the Indians !
    Yet it seems Indians may have been responsible for the replies , having felt offended .
    Date: 12 September 2007 11:56:07 AM
    Subject: Today’s reply to my comment !

    Mark Manning of Sydney,Australia (38 minutes ago)
    ¨It matters not what anyone thinks , this regime decided years ago just exactly what it had in mind and how it would achieve it’s goals . Anyone who believes otherwise , is deluding themselves ! The processes this regime have put into place , are merely a smokescreen to hide their real intent . And one can only assume that that is total dominance over all facets of Fijian society . Hasn’t anyone in Fiji understood yet , that Fiji is being sold out to the Asians from under your feet , by your own countrymen ?
    Indian of India (29 minutes ago)
    ¨To Mar Manning of Sydney Australia-#34
    These silly Fijians do not know- ha!ha!ha!ha!ha! We are controlling their Military now. We will do it slowly until we destroy all the Fijian Institutions and the their land rights. The silly Fijians including the selfish Ganilau and Bai do not know and do not bother. GENOCIDE is the MISSION. It can achieved politically.
    Crash Stock Exchange of United States (14 minutes ago)
    ¨To India and Manning
    hahahaha yeah lets start with crashing the South Pacific Exchange dominated by India and the banks! Maybe the Fijians can start thinking about the 6 billion deal now hehehehe Take your pick!
    Fijians are lousy merchants anyway because their eyes have always been to big for their stomach(traditionally) thus the need to have a corporate body(GCC new look) to curb the crooks that take advantage of the Natadola projects etc. I say Code of conduct is necessary because no chief should be above the law neither are accountants!

  18. Peace Pipe Says:

    Tim, good synopsis of these fuckwits who are ruining Fiji with their own version of discombobulated governance. Yeah like you said Helen Clark and Paul Reeves whilst talking about dialogue have not realised that it was tried many times before with the pig and failed. They haven’t met this type of degenerated imbecile who is one of a kind and is impossible to have dialogue with.

  19. Billy Says:

    whatever else Gandhi did, his own still assassinated him. Et tu Brute? Is this what is happening here with the illegal regime?

  20. orion Says:

    Contrary to what these indians are saying Gandhi was a racist to the core. The SOB came from a racist culture called Indian culture/caste and anyone coming out of that culure claiming he is not racist is pure bull.Just like the Indians in Fiji and their leaders like Prof. Nandan are saying .Read this on the SOB gandhi

  21. Isa.. Says:

    @ orion – you sound like a hypocritical Son of a B!tch yourself! There was only one perfect man that ever lived. His name was Jesus Christ.. geddit?

    And speaking of Indian culture/caste…..hmmmm.. it’s all relative, isn’t it?

  22. painter Says:

    Hi Tim – thanks, but I’d still like to be a-fly-on-the-wall 🙂

    Yes, its been almost 2 yrs of on-off blogging for me. I still recall being singled out on the Hyde’n’Seek blog last year since i kept zeroing in on the rottenfmf and that didn’t seem to sit well with their moderators but did I care? Hell no!!
    It will take t i m e before we all get our act together to finally drive these morons out.

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